Understanding the Basics of Law


Law refers to the legal framework in a country. It is a body of rules governing how people can conduct themselves. There are various kinds of law, including Civil law, common law, international law, and constitutional law. Typically, a country’s constitution divides its power between the executive and legislative branches. It also provides a process for deciding conflicts between laws.

Civil law

Civil law is a system of law that originated in mainland Europe and has since spread throughout the world. Its intellectual roots are within the Roman legal system. It is a referable system that serves as the primary source for law.

Common law

Common law refers to the rules that govern legal actions. It has several different rules that apply to both parties. The rules for negligence, for example, vary depending on the jurisdiction. In some jurisdictions, liability for negligence falls on both parties.

International law

International law is a set of rules for international interaction, and is a framework for governing these relationships. Although the rules are not always clear, they are based on certain basic concepts. When a state violates a treaty or rule, it can induce other states to follow suit. This, in turn, can undermine the value of the international law system.


The US Constitution is divided into several parts, each with specific functions. The President, the Senate, and the House of Representatives have the power to make laws. These laws must be ratified by two-thirds of both houses.

Case briefs

A case brief is a document that provides an opinion of the court on a specific case. It should clearly state what the court said and what the decision meant. In addition, it should answer questions about the holdings in the case, in a short, concise manner.

Legal reasoning

Students can develop legal reasoning skills by taking the time to consider other perspectives and appreciate that there are many sides to any issue. This process begins by gaining insight into the other side’s perspective and developing intellectual humility and honesty. Then, students can practice their reasoning skills by identifying the strengths and weaknesses of different perspectives.

Legal interpretation

Legal interpretation involves the application of principles of interpretation to the meaning of statutes and other laws. There are several positions, including intentionalism, purposivism, and textualism. The debate over these approaches has dominated recent theoretical discussion in the constitutional and statutory fields. We will examine these positions and discuss the important distinctions among them.